MADD BADAL | مد البدل
Play - Madd Badal
HOW TO PRONOUNCE
PROLONG / EXTENDED
To PROLONG or EXTEND the sound of Mad letters with 2 harakat
مِنَ الْأُولَىٰ [ Ad Dhuha 4]
إِيلَافِهِمْ [ Quraisy 2]
أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ [Al muddaththir 31]
آمَنُوا إِيمَانًا [Al muddaththir 31]
وَأُوذُوا حَتَّ [Al An’am 34]
In terms of language, Badal means change in which is the conversion of letter Hamzah to the letter Mad. In terms of the terminology, Mad Badal means the letter Hamzah which meets the letter mad in one sentence.
RATE OF HARAKAT
The rate of harakat or length for Mad Badal is 2 harakat according to Hafs An ‘Asim (Quranic Scholar).
The sign of Mad Badal is the Hamzah letter that meets with the Mad letters in one sentence whether in initial, middle or end of the sentence.
Named as Badal because of the letter mad that comes after the letter Hamzah is changed from the letter Hamzah which is Sukun (non-vowel). This is because Arabic grammar, originally there were two Hamzah letters that met in one sentence, the first is vowel Hamzah and the second Sukun (non-vowel). For that reason, the second Hamzah is converted into a Mad letter based on the vowel of the first Hamzah.
This change happened because it is difficult to pronounce the same two letters, in the case of the second letter Sukun. However, the changes are not visible in writing, it occurs in the origin of the fact of the sentence only, because that is why Mad Badal looks the same form of writing with Mad Asli.
– If the first vowel Hamzah ls fathah then the second Hamzah is changed to Alif.
– If the first vowel Hamzah is dhommah then the second Hamzah is changed to Wau.
– If the first vowel Hamzah is kasrah then the second Hamzah is changed to Ya ‘.