LAAM QAMAREEYAH | أل القمرية

Play - Laam Qamareeyah

by Jari Tajwid | Laam Rules



The sound of Laam letter is PRONOUNCED CLEARLY




  • الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ [Al Fatihah 2]
  • مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ [An Nas 6]
  • إِنَّا أَعْطَيْنَاكَ الْكَوْثَرَ [ Al Kauthar 1]
  • وَالْعَصْرِ [ Al Asr 1]
  • وَيَمْنَعُونَ الْمَاعُونَ [ Al Ma’un 7]


Alif Lam Qamariyyah is Lam Sakinah / Sukun which meets with one of the Qamariyyah letters and must be pronounced CLEARLY the letter Lam. One example given to understand the Rules of Alif Lam as follows:

  • Lam Qamariyyah (Moon Lam) was pronounced clearly like a clear star at night.
  • Lam Syamsiyyah (Sun Lam) was pronounced vaguely like the stars cannot be seen or not visible during the day.


The sound of letters Lam must be pronounced clearly when it meets with one of the following fourteen (14) of the Arabic alphabet letters. Which is:

أ ب ج ح خ ع ف ق ك م وغ ه ي


The sign for Alif Lam Qamariyyah when there is the letter Lam is free from any vowel except the sign of Sukun / sakinah in one sentence such as الْحَمْدُ لِلَّه


The pronunciation of Alif Lam Qamariyyah when the letter Lam was founded before the fourteen of the Arabic alphabet letters called Qamariyyah is must be pronounced CLEARLY (izhar) in which the letter Lam must be vowel with Sukun/Sakinah.

The meaning of the term must be vowel with Sakinah here must be said the letter Lam clearly without merging with the letters next Lam. Clear (Izhar) here also means not to lengthen the sound of the letter Lam and not to reflect the letter Lam sukun like Qalqalah.


Alif Lam Qamariyyah is also called Izhar Qamari. It is named after Izhar because the letter of Lam sukun must be read with clear pronunciation. And it is called with Qamari because the letter Lam precedes any of the fourteen (14) letters of Arabic alphabet and these letters were called by Qamariyyah letters.

The name of the Lam rules here is related to Qamar which means the moon and Syams mean the Sun because the letter of Lam sukun is like a star. Since the stars come out at night, the moon will also be clearly visible at night (Izhar). On the other hand, when the sun rises during the day, the stars will disappear during the day (Idgham).

Named as Qamari and Syamsi is also to distinguish Izhar and Idgham for this chapter with Izhar and Idgham in chapters Nun rules and Mim rules.