IQLAB | إقلاب

Play - Iqlaab

by Jari Tajwid | Noon Rules



The sound of ن saakinah / tanween is flipped to the sound of م when meeting with ب with ghunnah ( 2 harakat) 




  • ٱلَّذِینَ مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِم [Al-Baqarah 253]
  • ثُمَّ ٱتَّخَذۡتُمُ ٱلۡعِجۡلَ مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِۦ وَأَنتُمۡ ظَـٰلِمُونَ[Al-Baqarah 92]
  • أُوتُوا۟ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ إِلَّا مِنۢ بَعۡدِ مَا جَاۤءَتۡهُمُ[Al-Bayyinah 4]
  • رَجۡمَۢا بِٱلۡغَیۡبِۖ [ Al Kahfi 22]
  • سَمِیعُۢ بَصِیرٌ [ Luqman 28]


The linguistic definition is changed and in applied definition is changed the sound of Nun Sakinah/Tanwen into Mim with ghunnah (humming).


The Iqlab letter only one, which is:



The sign of Iqlab is Nun Sakinah without any vowel and has a small letter Mim with it.


The pronunciation of Iqlab is when Nun Sakinah/Tanwen followed by letter ب, then the pronunciation should be changed to the sound of Nun Sakinah into Mim in Ikhfa’ and ghunnah. The meaning of Ikhfa’ (meaning hide) here is to pronounce only part of the letters and hide the actual pronunciation. Ikhfa ’pronunciation here can be ascertained by lightening the sound of Mim by not closing the lips completely.


Named as Iqlab because the sound of Nun is changed to the sound of Mim in ikhfa ‘. The pronunciation of Iqlab on Nun sakinah meets with ب. Because it is difficult to recite it in Izhar or Idgham, although Nun and Ba ’are different Makhraj and similar in most of their characteristics. So, the closest way is to pronounce it in the middle way between izhar and idgham which is ikhfa ‘.

But the ikhfa’ that occurs in the pronunciation of Iqlab is Ikhfa’ Majazi (vaguely) not Haqiqi (really), because what is disguised here is the pronunciation of the changing mim, not the pronunciation of nun sakinah itself.

The letter is changed to Mim because Mim has similarities with Ba ‘in terms of Makhraj and most of its properties. But the Mim is pronounced only partially without closing the two lips because if both lips are close together, the Mim will be pronounced perfectly like the pronunciation of Idgham BiLa Ghunnah while Iqlab must have an element of ikhfa ’(concealment) in the pronunciation.