IKHFA’ HAKIKI | إخفاء حقيقي
Play - Ikhfa' Hakiki
HOW TO PRONOUNCE
The sound of noon saakinah / tanween is hidden into the pronounciation of the next letter (ف ق ك ج ت ث د ذ ز س ش ص ض ط ظ ) with ghunnah (2 harakat).
بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ [ Al Baqarah 4]
شَيْءٌ فِي [ Ali Imran 5]
حُوبًا كَبِيرًا [ An Nisa 2]
صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا [Al Maidah 6]
لِتُنذِرَ بِهِ [ Al A’raf 2]
Ikhfa’ Hakiki is a non-vowel Nun (free from any vowel and has a fixed Sukun) followed immediately by fifteen letters from Arabic alphabet.
Ikhfa ‘haqiqi in linguistic definition means hidden or vague and Hakiki means to actually happen. In terms of terminology, Ikhfa ‘makes a middle pronunciation between the pronunciation of Izhar or a vague pronunciation and the pronunciation of Idgham with ghunnah.
When Nun Sakinah/Tanwen (non-vowel) met with 15 letters which is:
ف ق ك ج ت ث د ذ ز س ش ص ض ط ظ
The sign of Ikhfa’ Hakiki is non-vowel Nun (free from any vowel and has a fixed Sukun) was followed immediately by fifteen (15) letters from Arabic alphabet.
Ikhfa ’is the middle term between Izhar (clear) and Idgham (combined) or vague. When Nun Sakinah or Tanwen meets 15 letters Ikhfa ‘, then Nun should be humming (ghunnah) without revealing it (izhar) or combining it (idgham) with the next letter.
This rule is called by Ikhfa ‘Haqiqi because Ikhfa’ which occurs in Nun Sakinah/tanwin here occurs in reality and actuality compared to Ikhfa ‘Majazi (not real) in Ikhfa’ Syafawi and Iqlab.
The reason for reciting Ikhfa ‘on these letters is because there is no similarity between Nun Sakinah and the 15 letters on Makhraj and characteristics, which allows it to be read in Idgham. The letters are not so different from Nun sukun in Makhraj and have characteristics that allow it to be read Izhar. So, of course the middle way is ikhfa ’which is the concealment of the pronunciation of Nun Sakinah by not pronouncing it perfectly.
- Make sure there is no element of idgham (combination of letters) in the pronunciation and do not extend the pronunciation of Nun sakinah.
- The eloquent utterance of ikhfa ‘will produce different ghunnah(buzzing) sounds according to the Makhraj of the next letter and the listener can know what the letter will be pronounced.