IDGHAAM SYAFAWI | إدغام شفوي

Play - Laam Qamareeyah

by Jari Tajwid | Laam Rules

HOW TO PRONOUNCE

MERGE / COMBINE

The first meem is merged into the second meem (by closing the lips) with ghunnah (2 harakat).

 

EXAMPLES

  • لَهُم مَّا كَانُوا [ Al An’am 28]
  • لَهُم مَّا قَدْ سَلَفَ [Al Anfal 38]
  • قَبْلِهِم مِّثْلَ [Al Baqarah 118]
  • إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ [ Al Baqarah 91]
  • جَاءَهُم مُّنذِرٌ [ Sad 4]

DEFINITION

Idgham Syafawi means combining Mim Sakinah into the vowel letter Mim along with the ghunnah (humming) of 2 harakat.

CONJUNCTION LETTERS

Merely one letters, which is:

م 

SIGNS

The sign of Idgham Syafawi can be known by looking at the combination of 2 letters Mim, first Mim letters without any vowel meet with second Mim letters with any vowel. Usually as follow with the sign of syaddah (مّ).  

PRONUNCIATION

The sign of Idgham Syafawi can be known by looking at the combination of 2 letters Mim, first Mim letters without any vowel meet with second Mim letters with any vowel. Usually as follow with the sign of syaddah (مّ).  

NAMED AS

This rule was called Idgham because of the merging of the first letter Mim into the second letter Mim and it was called Syafawi because these two letters come out from the same Makhraj in which Makhraj lips. The sound of the SAKINAH MIM combined into the vowel Mim because the two letters that meet are from the same letter Makhraj and its characteristics.

Idgham Syafawi is also named as Idgham Mislain Soghir by most Quranic Scholars because the word Mislain means two similar letters. The word Soghir means the first letter is Sukun and the second letter is vowel. If this Idgham is named as Idgham Mislain Soghir then it means to combine the sound of Sukun Mim into a vowel Mim.

The naming of Idgham with Idgham Syafawi is better than Idgham Mislain Soghir because naming with Mislain Soghir will involve the science of Qiraat which is not known to the public.